 Practice Problems Momentum and Energy

Directions: On this worksheet you will be investigating the relationships between momentum and energy. Question 1  If Fmax = 17 N and Fmin = -11 N then calculate the impulse delivered to a 3-kg mass during the 5 seconds graphed above. 33.5 N sec44.5 N sec0.5 N sec-10.5 N sec1 N sec Question 2  If the object's initial velocity in Question 1 was 8.5 m/sec, what will be its final velocity at the end of these 5 seconds? 26 m/sec3 m/sec8.7 m/sec5 m/sec-8.3 m/sec Question 3  What was the magnitude of the average force acting on the 3-kg mass in Question 1 during the 5 seconds displayed on the graph? 0.1 N6.7 N2.5 N-2.1 N3 N Question 4  A 8.5-gram bullet moving at 250 m/sec travels through a block of wood and emerges out the other side moving at 240 m/sec. If it takes 27.4 µsecs (1 µsec = 1 x 10-6 seconds) for the bullet to bore through the wood, what average force did the wood exert on the bullet? 1.52 x 106 N7.45 x 104 N7.76 x 104 N-3.1 x 103 N Question 5  During target practice, a man shoots a 8.5-gram bullet with a horizontal velocity of 240 m/sec at a 1.5-kg wooden block balanced on the top of a 1.1-meter tall fence post. If the bullet embeds in the block, how fast will the block-bullet be knocked off the post? 0.053 m/sec1.35 m/sec238.65 m/sec160 m/sec Question 6  After being knocked off, how far from the base of the fence post will the block in Question 5 hit the ground? 0.8 m1.13 m0.45 m0.3 m0.64 m Question 7  A second 8.5-gram bullet is fired at another 1.5-kg block which is initially at rest on a table. The bullet embeds in the block resulting in the block sliding 154 centimeters before coming to a stop. The coefficient of friction between the block and the table's surface is µ = 0.39. How much work will the friction between the table and block do on the block while bringing it to a stop? 5.8 J60.1 J3.7 J22.8 J8.9 J Question 8  How fast was the original bullet in Question 7 travelling before it struck the block? 343.5 m/sec404.1 m/sec286.1 m/sec609.6 m/sec445 m/sec Question 9  As shown in the diagrams provided below, a ball of mass 1 kg is originally moving along the x-axis with a velocity of 11 m/sec towards the origin. As it approaches the origin, it delivers a glancing blow to a stationary 2-kg mass. After the collision, the 1-kg ball continues traveling towards the left, into the second quadrant, at a reduced speed of 5 m/sec at an angle of 37º above the negative x-axis.  What is the final momentum of the 2-kg mass after the collision? Question 10  Within the system, what fraction of the 1-kg ball's original KE remains after the collision? 0.80.3120.640.4450.198