Practice Problems
Doppler Effect
Directions:
On this worksheet, you may assume that the speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec unless otherwise stated.
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Question 1
A 'clicker' is sounding at 13 Hz; if you are moving towards the 'clicker' at 16 m/sec what apparent frequency do you hear instead?
12.39 Hz
2.44 Hz
23.56 Hz
13.61 Hz
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Question 2
You are riding a bike away from a street musician at 8 m/sec; when the trumpet player hits an 'A'. You know that the frequency of an 'A' should be 440 Hz, what apparent frequency do you hear instead?
434 Hz
446 Hz
450 Hz
430 Hz
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Question 3
You are in an ambulance driving towards an accident at 34 m/sec. You hear the horns of the cars in the accident sounding at a frequency of 488 Hz, what is the actual frequency of the car horns.
537 Hz
439 Hz
542 Hz
444 Hz
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Question 4
You are riding in a boat into oncoming waves and measure the frequency of the waves to be 16 crests every 10 seconds. Shortly afterwards you come to rest on the water and measure the waves to have an actual frequency of 8 every 10 seconds with a wave speed of 11.3 m/sec. How fast was your boat traveling before?
11.3 m/sec
33.9 m/sec
3.8 m/sec
11.3 m/sec
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Question 5
You are speeding away from a loud speaker. If the original frequency of 488 Hz is shifted to 454 Hz, what is your speed away from the speaker?
10 m/sec
32 m/sec
25 m/sec
23.7 m/sec
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Question 6
You are measuring the speed of a projectile using sonar. If a frequency of 244 Hz is reflected back at 236 Hz, what is the speed of the projectile?
32.9 m/sec
42.5 m/sec
11.5 m/sec
11.1 m/sec
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Question 7
In what direction was the projectile in
Question 6
moving relative to the sonar device?
cannot be determined
towards the sonar
away from the sonar
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William A. Hilburn
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