Practice Problems
Doppler Effect
Directions:
On this worksheet, you may assume that the speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec unless otherwise stated.
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Question 1
A 'clicker' is sounding at 14 Hz; if you are moving towards the 'clicker' at 19 m/sec what apparent frequency do you hear instead?
24.32 Hz
3.68 Hz
13.22 Hz
14.78 Hz
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Question 2
You are riding a bike away from a street musician at 9.5 m/sec; when the trumpet player hits an 'A'. You know that the frequency of an 'A' should be 440 Hz, what apparent frequency do you hear instead?
428 Hz
433 Hz
447 Hz
452 Hz
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Question 3
You are in an ambulance driving towards an accident at 30 m/sec. You hear the horns of the cars in the accident sounding at a frequency of 577 Hz, what is the actual frequency of the car horns.
633 Hz
628 Hz
526 Hz
530 Hz
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Question 4
You are riding in a boat into oncoming waves and measure the frequency of the waves to be 19 crests every 10 seconds. Shortly afterwards you come to rest on the water and measure the waves to have an actual frequency of 9 every 10 seconds with a wave speed of 10 m/sec. How fast was your boat traveling before?
31.1 m/sec
9.0 m/sec
11.1 m/sec
3.2 m/sec
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Question 5
You are speeding away from a loud speaker. If the original frequency of 577 Hz is shifted to 547 Hz, what is your speed away from the speaker?
19 m/sec
17.7 m/sec
32 m/sec
11 m/sec
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Question 6
You are measuring the speed of a projectile using sonar. If a frequency of 288.5 Hz is reflected back at 279 Hz, what is the speed of the projectile?
11.2 m/sec
35.8 m/sec
11.6 m/sec
32.9 m/sec
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Question 7
In what direction was the projectile in
Question 6
moving relative to the sonar device?
towards the sonar
cannot be determined
away from the sonar
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William A. Hilburn
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