Practice Problems
Doppler Effect
Directions:
On this worksheet, you may assume that the speed of sound in air is 340 m/sec unless otherwise stated.
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Question 1
A 'clicker' is sounding at 19 Hz; if you are moving towards the 'clicker' at 15 m/sec what apparent frequency do you hear instead?
43.07 Hz
-5.07 Hz
19.84 Hz
18.16 Hz
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Question 2
You are riding a bike away from a street musician at 7.5 m/sec; when the trumpet player hits an 'A'. You know that the frequency of an 'A' should be 440 Hz, what apparent frequency do you hear instead?
430 Hz
434 Hz
446 Hz
450 Hz
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Question 3
You are in an ambulance driving towards an accident at 42 m/sec. You hear the horns of the cars in the accident sounding at a frequency of 506 Hz, what is the actual frequency of the car horns.
577 Hz
569 Hz
443 Hz
450 Hz
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Question 4
You are riding in a boat into oncoming waves and measure the frequency of the waves to be 15 crests every 10 seconds. Shortly afterwards you come to rest on the water and measure the waves to have an actual frequency of 14 every 10 seconds with a wave speed of 14 m/sec. How fast was your boat traveling before?
29.0 m/sec
6.8 m/sec
1.0 m/sec
196.0 m/sec
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Question 5
You are speeding away from a loud speaker. If the original frequency of 506 Hz is shifted to 464 Hz, what is your speed away from the speaker?
31 m/sec
31 m/sec
8 m/sec
28.2 m/sec
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Question 6
You are measuring the speed of a projectile using sonar. If a frequency of 253 Hz is reflected back at 245.5 Hz, what is the speed of the projectile?
10.1 m/sec
45.3 m/sec
33.0 m/sec
10.4 m/sec
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Question 7
In what direction was the projectile in
Question 6
moving relative to the sonar device?
towards the sonar
away from the sonar
cannot be determined
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William A. Hilburn
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