Practice Problems
Confined Gases
Directions:
On this worksheet you will be examining properties of a confined ideal gas.
omit
Question 1
Use the following information for question 1-6 on this worksheet.
An enclosed gas of 120 grams of argon gas (M = 40) follows the process 1
2
3 as shown.
T
_{1}
= 37ºC and T
_{2}
= 655ºC
.
How many moles of helium are present in the container?
6 moles
0.75 moles
1.5 moles
12 moles
3 moles
omit
Question 2
In which process was heat removed from the gas?
2
3
1
2
no heat was ever removed during the cycle
3
1
omit
Question 3
What is the value of T
_{3}
?
382.0 K
928.0 K
310.0 K
1392.0 K
618.7 K
omit
Question 4
If P
_{1}
equals 130 kPa, then what is the value of P
_{2}
?
403 kPa
2301 kPa
389 kPa
260 kPa
omit
Question 5
What is the value of V
_{1}
?
7.1 x 10
^{-3}
m
^{3}
5.95 x 10
^{-2}
m
^{3}
2.38 x 10
^{3}
m
^{3}
4.18 x 10
^{-1}
m
^{3}
1.68 x 10
^{1}
m
^{3}
omit
Question 6
In which process was no work done on or by the gas?
1
2
3
1
2
3
omit
Question 7
The final three questions do
NOT
refer to the PV diagram shown in
Question #1
.
37 joules of heat energy are transferred to a sample of gas along path AC. As a result, the internal energy of the gas
increases by more than 37 J
increases by less than 37 J
remains unchanged
increases by exactly 37 J
omit
Question 8
9.0 grams of water vapor (M = 18.0) are confined in a cylindrical container having a movable, yet 'snuggly-fitting,' lid that slides up and down to accommodate changes in pressure and volume. What is the average velocity of a water molecule (H
_{2}
O) in the container if the vapor is at room temperature (23ºC)?
16.5 m/sec
522.7 m/sec
412.0 m/sec
739.2 m/sec
omit
Question 9
While the temperature of the gas remains at 23ºC, the volume of the container is 0.074 m
^{3}
. If the surface area of the lid of the container is 0.2 m
^{2}
then what is the magnitude of the force exerted against the lid by the gas molecules?
1.1 x 10
^{-23}
AN
5.52 x 10
^{-23}
N
none of the numerical
values given are correct
2.76 x 10
^{-21}
N
1.99 x 10
^{-23}
N
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