Given below is a strobe picture of a ball rolling across a table. Strobe pictures reveal the position of the object at regular intervals of time, in this case, once each 0.1 seconds. Notice that the ball covers an equal distance between flashes. Let's assume this distance equals 20 cm and display the ball's behavior on a graph plotting its xposition versus time. The slope of this line would equal 20 cm divided by 0.1 sec or 200 cm/sec. This represents the ball's average velocity as it moves across the table. Since the ball is moving in a positive direction its velocity is positive. That is, the ball's velocity is a vector quantity possessing both magnitude (200 cm/sec) and direction (positive). The following physlet by John M. Clement will allow you to test your understanding of this relationship between an object's linear motion and the graphical representation of its behavior. Given below are five combinations of positiontime graphs for onedimensional motion. On each graph, the slope represents the object's velocity.

s vs t  the object is standing still at a positive location. Since the slope equals zero it has no movement.


s vs t  the object is traveling at a constant positive velocity. The locations of its position are increasingly positive.


s vs t  the object is traveling at a constant positive velocity but is traveling through a negative region. For example, a car is traveling north on South Clyde Morris Boulevard towards International Speedway.


s vs t  this slope represents a constant negative velocity since the object is traveling in a negative direction at a constant rate. Notice that the locations of its position are becoming less and less positive.


s vs t  the object is traveling at a constant negative velocity through a negative region. For example, a car is traveling south on South Clyde Morris Boulevard towards Dunlawton. The locations of its position are increasingly negative.

