Purpose: In this lab we will experimentally determine the focal length of a spherical mirror by measuring the size of a moveable object, the size of its image, and the position of the object. From these values we will calculate d_{i} and plot an EXCEL graph of d_{i} vs d_{o}. From the graph we will empirically determine the focal length of the mirror.
Equipment:
 four meter sticks
 one convex mirror
 one ring stand
 one cclamp
 one burette clamp
 one tape measure
 one magnifying (convex) lens to assist in reading the image size in the mirror
Procedure:
 Cover 50 cm of a meter stick with white paper so that it can easily be seen and measured in the mirror. This will be your object. Do NOT tape the paper to the stick  instead wrap the paper around the stick and tape the paper to itself. This way the meter sticks can easily be returned to their original condition when the lab is over.
 Suspend the mirror from a ring stand so that it's front edge, the vertex of the mirror, is aligned with the leading edge of the table. This will enable you to easily measure d_{o} by measuring distances along the floor.
 Begin by standing approximately 3.0 meters away from the mirror. Measure your actual distance and the size of the meter stick's image in the mirror. Record them in in the following data table. Repeat this procedure for 10 trials, each time decreasing your distance by approximately 30 cm.
Trial

d_{o}

I

M

d_{i}


(cm)

(cm)


(cm)

1





2





3





4





5





6





7





8





9





10





 In your data chart, calculate the magnification of each trial as M =  I / O .
 Next calculate d_{i} using the formula d_{i} =  M x d_{o}
 Input into EXCEL your values for d_{o} and d_{i} and graph your results. Save your graph as LastnameLastnameMirror.xls in your period folder and remember that a printout of your file must be part of your lab report.

Conclusions:
List two sources of error in your experiment and explain why you chose them as being the most critical.

After submitting your results online, you are to turn in the following papers to support your work: your data table from Step 3, your EXCEL printout, your ray diagram, and your calculations for the 40cm tall image. Remember to also return your equipment so that the next periods can set up their experiments.