Worksheet
Standard Model: Particles and Forces
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Refer to the following information for the next seventeen questions.
Use the information in the resource lesson,
What is Mass?
, so assist you with your answers. Try to make each initial answer correct. Don't just guess - research and show me that you have learned the correct answers. Be careful!
What is the charge of an UP quark?
-1
-1/3
+2/3
+1
What is the charge of a DOWN quark?
-1
-1/3
+2/3
+1
What is the quark composition of a proton?
DOWN, DOWN, DOWN
DOWN, DOWN, UP
DOWN, UP, UP
UP, UP, UP
What is the quark composition of a neutron?
DOWN, DOWN, DOWN
DOWN, DOWN, UP
DOWN, UP, UP
UP, UP, UP
Which of the four fundamental forces is not included in the Standard Model?
Electromagnetic
Gravitational
Strong Nuclear
Weak Nuclear
Which of the fundamental forces has a range of only a few angstroms?
Electromagnetic
Gravitational
Strong Nuclear
Weak Nuclear
Which of the fundamental force(s) have an infinite range?
Electromagnetic
Gravitational
Strong Nuclear
Weak Nuclear
True or False? Single quarks have been observed experimentally
True
False
True or False? 3rd generation quarks (TOP and BOTTOM) are constituents of everyday matter.
True
False
True or False? The W
^{-}
, W
^{+}
, and Z
^{0}
bosons are carriers for the weak nuclear force which is responsible for radioactive decay.
True
False
Interactions with the ______ field gives particles their unique masses
______ and neutrinos are classified as leptons.
Gluons are the bosons, or force carriers, for the _____ force which holds nuclear particles and the nucleus together.
Gravity is a(n) _____ force between two massive objects.
attractive
repulsive
sometimes attractive, sometimes repulsive, depending on each situation
True or False? MeV/c
^{2}
and GeV/c
^{2}
are units which are dimensionally equivalent to grams according to Einstein's equation, E = mc
^{2}
.
True
False
True or False? An object's gravitational mass measures how much matter is present in a given object based on how strongly it is pulled by the Earth's mass.
True
False
An object's inertial mass is a measure of its resistance to being _____.
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