Review
Waves and Sound
Printer Friendly Version
Resource Lessons
Fundamentals of Waves
Waveform and Vibration Graphs
Vibration Graphs
(prelude to Pendulum Lab)
Interference of Waves
Standing Waves
Barrier Waves, Bow Waves, and Shock Waves
Doppler Effect
Fundamentals of Sound
Decibels
Beats
Resonance in Pipes
EPD: TwoPoint Source Interference
Labs
Period of a Simple Pendulum
Interference Shading
Speed of Sound in Air
Speed of Sound in Copper
Worksheets
Wave Vocabulary
Pendulum Lab Review
Waveform and Vibration Graphs #1
Waveform and Vibration Graphs #2
Fixed and Free Reflections
Standing Wave Patterns #1
Standing Wave Patterns #2
Standing Wave Patterns #3
Standing Wave Patterns #4
CP: Shock Waves
Practice with the Doppler Equations
CP: Waves and Vibrations
More Practice with the Doppler Effect
Sound Vocabulary
Speed of Sound
Beats
Practice with Resonance in Pipes
More Practice with Resonance in Pipes
EPD
CP: Sound
Textbook Assignments
Waves and Vibrations
Decibels #1
Decibels #2
NextTime Questions
Polarized Sunglasses
Concert
Light vs Sound Waves
Sound Waves
Shock Cone
Standing Waves
Vocabulary
wave
v
_{w}
= fλ
mechanical
nonmechanical
longitudinal
radio waves vs sound waves
damped
heat
compression
rarefaction
amplitude (pressure/density)
point source
frequency (f)
hertz
kilohertz
megahertz
vibration
period (T)
equilibrium position
wavelength (λ)
relationship between frequency and wavelength
relationship between frequency and period
human range of frequencies
infrasonic
ultrasonic
intensity, decibels
interference
beats
beat pitch
beat frequency
constructive
destructive
EPD
inphase, coherent sources
antinodes (A)
nodes (N)
loops
resonance
forced vibration
natural frequency
properties of open pipes
properties of closed pipes
harmonics
overtones
standing waveform for an open water column
reflection
echo
reverberation
speed of sound (dry air)
speed of sound increases with the medium's
rigidity, temperature, humidity
Formulas
v
_{w}
= fλ
d = rt
sound level
dB to power
take the difference in the decibels, divide that difference by 10,
relationship between the original sound levels equals 10
^{x}
power
intensity of sound (watts/m
^{2}
)
comparison of two intensity values
sound level intensity (dB)
threshold of human hearing (I
_{o}
= 1 x 10
^{12}
watts/m
^{2}
)
beats
beat frequency = f
_{2}
 f
_{1}

beat pitch = ½(f
_{1}
+ f
_{2}
)
speed of sound in dry air
v
_{w}
= 331 + 0.6T
openclosed pipe
for the fundamental, AN
L
_{pipe}
= ½ loop = ¼λ
openopen pipe
for the fundamental, ANA
L
_{pipe}
= 1 loop = ½λ
EPD = L
_{1}
 L
_{2}

constructive: mλ
m ∈ {0, 1, 2, 3, ....}
destructive: ½(2m  1)λ
m ∈ {1, 2, 3, ....}
listener moving
Δf / f = v / v
_{w}
approaching: f' = f + Δf
receding: f' = f  Δf
source moving
Δλ/λ = v / v
_{w}
approaching: λ' = λ  Δλ
receding: λ' = λ + Δλ
Related Documents
Lab:
Labs 
Directions: Constructive and Destructive Interference
Labs 
Doppler Effect: Source Moving
Labs 
Frequency of Vibrating Strings
Labs 
Illuminance by a Light Source
Labs 
Inertial Mass
Labs 
Interference Shading
Labs 
Pipe Music
Labs 
Relationship Between Tension in a String and Wave Speed
Labs 
Relationship Between Tension in a String and Wave Speed Along the String
Labs 
Ripple Tank Checklists
Labs 
Ripple Tank Checklists
Labs 
Ripple Tank Sample Solutions
Labs 
Ripple Tank Student Involvement Sheet
Labs 
Simple Pendulums: Class Data
Labs 
Simple Pendulums: LabPro Data
Labs 
Speed of a Wave Along a Spring
Labs 
Speed of Sound in Air
Labs 
Speed of Sound in Copper
Labs 
Video: Law of Reflection
Labs 
Video: Law of Reflection Sample Diagram
Resource Lesson:
RL 
Barrier Waves, Bow Waves, and Shock Waves
RL 
Beats: An Example of Interference
RL 
Interference of Waves
RL 
Interference: Inphase Sound Sources
RL 
Introduction to Sound
RL 
Law of Reflection
RL 
Physical Optics  Thin Film Interference
RL 
Resonance in Pipes
RL 
Resonance in Strings
RL 
Ripple Tank Video Guides
RL 
SHM Equations
RL 
Simple Harmonic Motion
RL 
Sound Level Intensity
RL 
Speed of Waves Along a String
RL 
The Doppler Effect
RL 
Vibrating Systems  Simple Pendulums
RL 
Vibration Graphs
RL 
Wave Fundamentals
RL 
Waveform vs Vibration Graphs
REV 
Orbitals
Review:
REV 
Chapter 26: Sound
REV 
Honors Review: Waves and Introductory Skills
REV 
Physics I Review: Waves and Introductory Skills
REV 
Sound
REV 
Waves and Sound
Worksheet:
APP 
Echo Chamber
APP 
The DogEared Page
CP 
Light Properties
CP 
Reflection
CP 
Shock Waves
CP 
Sound
CP 
Waves and Vibrations
NT 
Apparent Depth
NT 
Atmospheric Refraction
NT 
Concert
NT 
Light vs Sound Waves
NT 
Shock Cone
NT 
Sound Waves
NT 
Standing Waves
WS 
Beats
WS 
Beats, Doppler, Resonance Pipes, and Sound Intensity
WS 
Counting Vibrations and Calculating Frequency/Period
WS 
Doppler  A Challenge Problem
WS 
Doppler Effect
WS 
Fixed and Freeend Reflections
WS 
Fundamental Wave Terms
WS 
Illuminance 1
WS 
Illuminance 2
WS 
Interference: Inphase Sound Sources
WS 
Lab Discussion: Inertial and Gravitational Mass
WS 
More Practice with Resonance in Pipes
WS 
More Practice with the Doppler Practice
WS 
Practice with Resonance in Pipes
WS 
Practice with the Doppler Effect
WS 
Practice: Speed of a Wave Along a String
WS 
Pulse Superposition: Interference
WS 
Ripple Tank Review
WS 
Sound Vocabulary
WS 
Speed of Sound
WS 
Speed of Sound (Honors)
WS 
Standing Wave Patterns #1
WS 
Standing Wave Patterns #2
WS 
Standing Wave Patterns #3
WS 
Standing Wave Patterns #4
WS 
Vibrating Systems  Period and Frequency
WS 
Wave Phenomena Reading Guide
WS 
Wave Pulses
WS 
Waveform and Vibration Graphs #1
WS 
Waveform and Vibration Graphs #2
TB 
25A: Introduction to Waves and Vibrations
TB 
25B: Vibrations and Waves
TB 
25C: Wave Speed
TB 
25D: Interference
TB 
25E: Doppler
TB 
25F: Doppler Effect (continued)
TB 
26B: Speed of Sound
TB 
26C: Resonance
TB 
26D: Beats
TB 
26E: Decibels
TB 
27A: Light Properties
TB 
Decibels and Sound Intensity #1
TB 
Decibels and Sound Intensity #2
TB 
Interference Reexamined
TB 
Refraction Phenomena Reading Questions
TB 
Sound: Mixed Practice
TB 
Waves and Vibrations
PhysicsLAB
Copyright © 19972017
Catharine H. Colwell
All rights reserved.
Application Programmer
Mark Acton